What Is Kratom
At least since 19th century, a plant called Mitragyna speciosa, commonly referred to as Kratom has been used by humans as a medicinal and also recreational drug because of it’s both stimulant and sedative effects.. It’s native to Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Papua New Guinea.
And by the way, there are claims that it in Thailand, it has been used for thousands of years.
Nowadays, there’s a lot of talk regarding kratom. There are many people who claim that it can saves lives like nothing else, meanwhile several governments have banned it and American government is trying right now to do so. And if kratom becomes illegal in America – the rest of the world will follow, unfortunately. This has caused a massive outrage and
But, what really makes this plant so special that there’s so much talk and controversy about it?
Receptors Affected By Kratom
Several things. First of all, Kratom is an opioid agonist. Meaning that it attaches itself to opioid receptors in your brain, the same receptors that opiates like morphine or heroin work on. But it’s not dangerous like these other opiates are. Not even close.
Alkaloids Found In Kratom
The reason why almost any plant that get’s you high – get’s you high is because it contains certain alkaloids – nitrogenous organic compounds of plant origin which have pronounced physiological actions on humans.
Also, there’s many different types of strains of kratom and they all have different effects. And that’s because they all have different ratios and amounts of each kratom alkaloid.
That being said, here’s a list of alkaloids found in kratom:
Isomitraphylline: A Primary Stimulant of the Immune System (1% or less concentration of the total composition)
Speciogynine: An Active Muscles Relaxant (6.5 to 7.5%)
Mitragynine: An Effective Mediator of Pain (as an active agonist opiod receptor). Additionally as an Anti-tussive, Anti-diarrheal, Anti-malarial, Adrenergic and a moderate Stimulant (45 to 75%) *minimum recorded concentration of the content material is 12%
Isomitrafoline: As an auxiliary Stimulant of the Immune System (1% or less)
Corynantheidine: As a Subsidiary antagonist opiod receptor (1% or less)
Epicatechin: Effective as an Anti-mutagenic, Anti-leukemic, Anti-oxidant, Anti-viral, Anti-diabetic and Anti-inflammatory. (1% or less) *a significant alkaloid also found in the leaf of the green tea.
Isorhynchophylline: As a mainstream Stimulant of the Immune System (1% or less)
7-Hydroxymitragynine: Primary Analgesic Painkiller (active agonist opiod receptor). Also works effectively as an Anti-tussive and Anti-diarrheal (1.5 to 2.5%)
Isopteropodine: An Active Stimulant of the Immune System (1% or less)
9-Hydroxycorynantheidine: Works efficiently as a secondary Active Analgesic Painkiller (1% or less). *In the presence of the 7-Hydroxymitragynine it aid’s in amplifying the effects of pain relief thoroughly
Ciliaphylline: An efficient anti-tussive analgesic (1% or less)
Mitraphylline: A mainstream muscle relaxant. Additionally, it also works dynamically as an Anti-hypertensive, Anti-amnesic, Vasodilator, Anti-leukemic and a subsidiary Stimulant of the immune system (1% or less)
Ajmalicine: Works primarily as a Cerebrocirculant, Anti-aggregant, and an Anti-adrenergic. Moreover, it also delivers moderate efficacy as a muscle relaxant, sedative and an Anti-convulsant (1% or less)
Corynoxine A: An active Dopamine Stabilizer (1% or less)
Rhynchophylline: A proficient Anti-hypertensive, Anti-inflammatory Vasodilator (1% or less)
Corynoxine B: As a Subsidiary Dopamine Stabilizer it aids in amplifying the effects rendered by Corynoxine A (1% or less)
Speciophylline: A potent Anti-leukemic (1% or less)
Speciociliatine: A Moderate Antagonist opiod receptor (1% or less)
Tetrahydroalstonine: An Efficient Blood sugar stabilizer and an Anti-adrenergic (1% or less)
Mitrafoline: Inactivated – (1% or less)
Akuammigine: Inactivated – (1% or less)
Speciofoline: Inactivated – (1% or less)
Stipulatine: Inactivated – (1% or less)
Mitraversine: Inactivated – (1% or less)
Another important thing to note is It’s effects, of course, but before I get to them, I need to say one very important thing. You see, just like there’s many different cannabis strains, there’s also many, though not as many, different kratom strains and each one of these has different effects.
So, there’s many different kratom strains, but there are three major categories that they fall in:
- Red Vein Kratom. This is by far the most popular type of kratom strains. More of these are sold than other two combined. These tend to sedate their users. Usually an initial wave of energy comes up, it disappears and euphoric sedation takes over. These strains are great for relaxation, anxiety and pain suppression, as well as sedation. Using marijuana’s analogy, they’re more like indicas.
- White Vein Kratom. These kratom strains stimulate, energize and motivate you. They also elevate your mood and help fight depression. Once digested, it should take 30 to 60 minutes for you to feel a boost in energy and happiness that should increase in intensity in a hour or two. When compared with weed strains, white vein kratom is like sativas.
- Green Vein Kratom. A mixture of both red and white vein strains. So it has both stimulating and sedating, pain and anxiety relieving and motivation and energy increasing effect. They’re not as sedating as red vein kratom is and they’re not as stimulating as the white vein kratom is. They’re like cannabis hybrids.
So different veins of kratom have completely different effects and you should use different ones to suit your different needs.
Kratom has many different and sometimes contrary effects. And like I’ve already discussed, these effects are different with each strain. Another thing that has to be noted is that not only is kratom different, but so are it’s users. We all have unique chemical make-ups and same amounts of the same drug taken in a same way will affect us differently. Kratom is no exception. That being said, here’s a list of all kratom’s effects that are rarely all experienced with a single strain:
1. It Gives You Pain Relief. Kratom can be great in pain relief. Especially red kratom strains taken from moderate to high doses. Here’s a list of pain conditions that can be treated with kratom:
- Intensive Headache or Migraine
- Minor Injuries (Including, Broken Bones, Scrapes, and Burns)
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Damaged Muscles
- Neck Soreness or Strain
- Chest Pain
- Abdominal Soreness
2. It Helps With Opiate Withdrawal Relief. Opiates have a very high addiction potential. And so a lot of people who do them are addicted to them. And a lot of people who are addicted to them want to kick their addiction. Unfortunately, It’s, in most cases, a very hard thing to do. And that’s because opiates cause physiological addiction. Their opioid receptors crave these drugs. And these drugs – these opiates, are very dangerous. These include: morphine, codeine, heroin, fentanyl and many others. But, here’s where kratom comes in. When you take it, it attaches into your opioid receptors who crave opiates and satisfy their hunger. But unlike opiates like heroin and codeine, kratom doesn’t harm them like that. So, taking kratom everyday is a great way to treat a dangerous opiate drug habit and keep yourself away from using these drugs.
And by the way, it can help with other, non-opiate addictions, too.
3. It Boosts Energy. Like I said, some kratom strains, especially white and to a lesser extent green ones, boost your energy and help you to get things done and be more fulfilled in life. The list of alkaloids responsible for this is numerous.
4. It Makes You Feel Better. Euphoria is usually felt with red vein and to a lesser extent green vein kratom strains, but mood elevation is also usually present with the white ones. Fighting depression or at the very least feeling better is almost always experienced on kratom. Again, there’s plenty of alkaloids that have this effect.
5. It Boosts Your Immune System. That’s right. Kratom supports the immune system’s function. That’s because kratoms contains these alkaloids known as Immunostimulants that help our immune systems to work. So, kratom helps to fight cold, flu and fever.
6. It Stabilizes Your Blood Sugar. That’s correct. An alkaloid called tetrahydroalstonine helps to regulate blood sugar which helps to treat or prevent diabetes.
7. Kratom Is Anti-Inflammatory. Kratom has two alkaloids – epicatechin and rhynchophylline that have anti-inflamatory properties and help to treat inflammation.
8. It Can Even help To Fight And Prevent Malaria. Kratom has an alkaloid that goes by the name of mitragynine which has anti-malaria properties. And there’s usually a high concentration of this alkaloid in kratom.
9. Kratom Helps With Leukemia. Kratom has three alkaloids – epicatechin, mitraphylline and speciophylline that have strong anti-leukemic properties. So on top of everything else, kratom helps to treat and prevent leukemia.
10. It Has Neutropic Properties. Kratom can increase it’s user’s memory and intelligence. One’s cognitive skills are much better on kratom.
Also, kratom contains many different minerals, vitamins and antioxidants on top of other beneficial alkaloids.
Another things that needs to be said is kratom’s immediate effects and side effects.
Positive Immediate Effects
These effects should kick in within the first 10 minutes and last for up to an hour or two.
At low dose (1-5 grams) these effects should be felt, depending on the strain:
- Enhanced social interaction
- Increased libido
- Enhanced energy
- Increased mental and cognitive function
- More balanced appetite
In high dose (5-15 grams) these effects are usually felt:
- Calming effects
- Pain relief
- Clearer mental state
- Cough management
- Reduced symptoms of opiate withdrawal
Like with pretty much all psychoactive substances, with the positive comes the negative. Good thing about kratom though, is that the negative is very minuscule if felt at all.
- Excessive sweating
- Stomach problems
- Nausea, Dizziness
- Tiny pupils
- Tremors and jitters (similar to those of caffeine)
Possible Long term Effects
There haven’t been any serious studies made on long term effects of kratom. But we do have plenty of anecdotal evidence from cultures who used it for centuries and people who have been using it their whole lives and for the most part these doesn’t seem to be any true negative long-term effects. Here’s two interesting long-term effects that are reported to happen in some people:
- Loss of weight; Anorexia
- Darkening of Skin
So you might experience this, you might not, but if you ask me, being leaner and slightly darker isn’t that bad.
Oh and by the way, it’s important to note that you’re not really getting high on kratom. At least not like you do on weed. Yes kratom is psychoactive, but you remain pretty clearheaded while receiving kratom’s benefits. Your mind doesn’t get foggy. You can drive and so on. Actually, your minds tends to be clearer on kratom than normally.
Kratom’s Dose And Duration
It’s important to note that different strains of kratom all vary in their potency. It is somewhat similar, but still different. Also, we are all different and we are all affected by same doses of kratom differently. And because of that, I have to note that the dose recommendations and parameters that I’m about to discuss are generalizations that might not fit for everybody. That being said, here’s a dosage and duration parameters taken from psychonautwiki.org:
|Threshold||1 – 2 grams|
|Light||2 – 3 grams|
|Common||3 – 5 grams|
|Strong||5 – 8 grams|
|Heavy||8 grams +|
|Total||2 – 5 hours|
|Onset||15 – 45 minutes|
|Peak||1 – 2 hours|
|Offset||3 – 6 hours|
Is Kratom Dangerous?
Kratom is generally considered not to be dangerous and it’s danger potential is often compared to marijuana. It doesn’t contain any dangerous chemicals in it and is relatively safe. We don’t have a single reported case of an overdose and while it is theoretically possible, you will be throwing up if you get to that point.
We actually don’t even know the exact lethal dose of kratom, but it is thought to be WAYYYYYYYY over the active dose.
When it comes to addiction potential, kratom it’s much smaller than with other opiodes and opiates, but with repeated use, some users can develop psychological dependence and even have withdrawals after stopping use once the addiction has been build. But kratom withdrawals are a lot easier to go though than heroin, cocaine or even alcohol withdrawals.
Kratom can come in many different forms. The most popular one is just plain dried leaves, but it’s also used in different forms.
Water Based Kratom Extracts
Kratom’s alkaloids can be extracted from it’s leaves. This leaves a very highly concentrated kratom extract. Here’s the process that kratom leaves undergo to have their alkaloids extracted:
Alkaloids extracted from the Kratom leaves are dissolved into water
The matter is further strained and grinded in the form of powder
The water is thoroughly evaporated
A brownish material (more rich and concentrated in Active Alkaloids than the plain leaf) is left as the residue
These extracts are a lot more potent than the actual leaves. How much more potent? Each extract should have a number like 5X or 10X and so on to show how many times their more potent than regular leaves.
Now, there’s a number of advantages and disadvantages of water based kratom extracts.
- Because of the high concentration of alkaloids, small doses of these extracts. are very effective.
- Kratom extracts can be used along with leaves to increase potency. So it’s a great combo.
- Stimulation is often greater than with just plain leaves.
- Compared to other types of extracts, side effects are few in number and weak in intensity.
- Can be dissolved into water and just ingested.
- If you’re using it for pain relief, these extracts should be taken along with regular leaves to be efficient enough.
- It’s expensive. More expensive, potency adjusted, than regular kratom leaves.
Kratom resin is the single strongest kratom extract. It’s basically a very strong kratom concentrate that is in a solid form and looks like a little black rock.
It’s made by heating up kratom leaves at a certain temperature, then it’s dried and turned into this black mixture which is less in volume but greater in potency.
- It’s easy to take it and it can be used pretty quickly.
- The amount of effects induced by this concentrate are greater than with leaves and other concentrates.
- It’s very potent. Very.
- It’s also easy to store it.
- More side effects occur than with other extracts.
- It costs more than regular leaves. Potency/mass adjusted.
- It’s sensitive to temperature (it can melt if subjected to moderate heat).
Kratom’s tincture is created by extracting active alkaloids from kratom and diluting them with alcohol which creates a dense liquid solution. It’s a very potent extract.
- Easy to use.
- It can be easily and safely stored.
- Potency varies significantly from one tincture to another.
- It’s usually more expensive than other forms that kratom comes in.
- There’s large possibility of getting a tincture which doesn’t deliver the effects that it is expected to.
This is one strong kratom extract. It’s made by selecting a very potent kratom extract, mixing it with a solution, saturating it into a powder and letting it dry. The result – an extremely potent kratom extract.
- Lower likelihood of experiencing side effects.
- It’s extremely potent and potency doesn’t vary much between one extract to another.
- Great for pain relief.
- It’s modified and adjusted for the perfect balance of effects.
- It has a higher likelihood of causing some minor adverse effects when quit after long use.
- It’s expensive.
Ways To Take Kratom
There are several forms that kratom comes in and several ways to take that kratom.
- The Traditional Way. Traditionally, kratom leaves have been chewed by their and ingested. The bad thing is that kratom leaves taste bitter and you have to eat a lot of leaves to feel effects.
- Kratom Tea. You can make tea from powdered or crushed kratom leaves and drink it. This way, it still tastes horrible but you can add other additives like honey or sugar and you can easily make a very concentrated and tasty drink which comes with all the kratom’s benefits.
- Toss And Wash. This method has you placing kratom powder in the back of your mouth, usaully avoiding your taste buds and then washing it down with . This way, the kratom will be ingested without having to prepare anything and you won’t really feel it’s bitter taste.
- Mixing Kratom With Olive Oil. You can mix kratom powder with olive oil and this way you the powder will dissolve into olive oil and you won’t feel it’s bitter taste because of the lipids in the oil. And then you will be able to ingest it.
- Gelatin Capsules. You can put kratom powder in gelatin capsules and swallow them. This way you will ingest it without feeling it’s taste. And it’s easy to store and consume.
PRO TIP – Do not smoke, snort or vaporize your kratom. It’s not known to be effective. Based on anecdotal evidence, it can work, but it’s definitely not as nearly as effective as ingesting kratom and is really wasteful and unhealthy because you’re inhaling smoke or vapor or putting something in your nose.
Kratom is an amazing plant, but can be pretty expensive. So to use it all the time, you will have to spend quite a bit of money, all the time. Luckily, there are ways to spend less money buying less kratom and getting better effects from it. How do you do it? You potentiate it.
There are several things you can consume that will potentiate kratom that you consume, making it’s effects wider in range and stronger in intensity. Here they are:
- Antacids. Taking up to four 750mg antacid tablets approximately 30 – 60 minutes before taking your kratom should increase kratom’s effects. This is because antacids increase the pH level in your stomach, potentiating kratom’s absorption.
- Turmeric / Curcumin And Black Pepper. A tablespoon or 7 grams of turmeric and a large pinch of black pepper will really potentiate kratom’s effects and increase their length if you take it about 1 hour before taking kratom. The reason behind all of this is because turmeric is a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOi). THe problem with it though, is that it;s for the most part inactive in humans and that’s where black pepper comes in. Taking it along with turmeric potentiates it by about 2000%.
- Grapefruit Juice. If you drink at least one large glass of grapefruit juice about 2 hours before taking kratom it can intensify it’s effect to a great extent. Not prolong them, but intensify them. This happens because grapefruit juice functions as a CYP3A4 enzyme inhibitor which alters drug metabolism.
- DXM. DXM is a dissociative and sedative drug which can be found in some couch syrups. And ingesting a bout 30 – 60 mg of it approximately 45 – 60 minutes before taking kratom.
- Watercress. Eating watercress about 45 minutes before eating kratom will potentiate it’s effects. This is because watercress functions as a cytochrome P450 CYP2E1 enzyme inhibitor in our body which alter drug metabolism.
Where To Get Kratom
Good thing about kratom is that it’s legal in most places. For now. So you can get it easily and legally from the internet. And in order to get good quality, legit kratom at a reasonable price, I suggest trying www.azarius.net
And that’s pretty much it. Kratom is one of the greatest miracles of nature and along with cannabis, it has many amazing medicinal and recreational benefits while being relatively safe. Just like with weed, no one has ever died as a direct result of ingesting kratom.
Kratom helps with insomnia, depression, tiredness, adhd, anxiety, studying and thinking in general. It gives you energy, euphoria and a boost in cognitive skills, without making your mind foggy and, in fact, making it more clear.
So, take it if you want to and see it’s effects for yourself. And if you can, resist the legislators who try to ban this amazing plant. And with that being said, I’m out!